20201215 Lin CH Epub

Threshold of Thioglycoside Reactivity Difference Is Critical for Efficient Synthesis of Type I Oligosaccharides by Chemoselective Glycosylation

Threshold of Thioglycoside Reactivity Difference Is Critical for Efficient Synthesis of Type I Oligosaccharides by Chemoselective Glycosylation

J Org Chem. 2021 Jan 1. 86(1):892-916. Epub 2020 Dec 15.
doi: 10.1021/acs.joc.0c02422

閱讀文章

Verma N, Tu Z, Lu MS, Liu SH, Renata S, Phang R, Liu PK, Ghosh B, Lin CH.

摘要

Synthesis of type I LacNAc (Galβ1 → 3GlcNAc) oligosaccharides usually suffers from low yields. We herein report the efficient synthesis of type I LacNAc oligosaccharides by chemoselective glycosylation. With 16 relative reactivity values (RRVs) measured thiotoluenyl-linked disaccharide donors and acceptors, chemoselective glycosylations were investigated to obtain optimal conditions. In these reactions, the RRV difference between the donors and acceptors had to be more than 6311 to obtain type I LacNAc tetrasaccharides in 72-86% yields, with minimal occurrence of aglycon transfer. The threshold of RRV difference was further applied to plan the synthesis of longer glycans. Because it is challenging to measure the RRVs of tetrasaccharides, anomeric proton chemical shifts were utilized to predict the corresponding RRVs, which consequently explained the outcome of glycosylations for the synthesis of type I LacNAc hexasaccharides. The result supported the idea that elongation of glycan chains has to proceed from the reducing to the nonreducing end for a better yield.