Lin et al 2019 Angewandte Chemie International Edition

Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of DSGb5 and Sialylated Globo-series Glycans

Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of DSGb5 and Sialylated Globo-series Glycans

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019 Aug 12;58(33):11273-11278
doi: 10.1002/anie.201903943

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Sialic-acid-binding, immunoglobulin-type lectin-7 (Siglec-7) is present on the surface of natural killer cells. Siglec-7 shows preference for disialylated glycans, including α(2,8)-α(2,3)-disialic acids or internally branched α(2,6)-NeuAc, such as disialosylglobopentaose (DSGb5). Herein, DSGb5 was synthesized by a one-pot multiple enzyme method from Gb5 by α2,3-sialylation (with PmST1) followed by α2,6-sialylation (with Psp2,6ST) in 23 % overall yield. DSGb5 was also chemoenzymatically synthesized. The protection of the nonreducing-end galactose of Gb5 as 3,4-O-acetonide, 3,4-O-benzylidene, and 4,6-O-benzylidene derivatives provided DSGb5 in overall yields of 26 %, 12 %, and 19 %, respectively. Gb3, Gb4, and Gb5 were enzymatically sialylated to afford a range of globo-glycans. Surprisingly, DSGb5 shows a low affinity for Siglec-7 in a glycan microarray binding affinity assay. Among the synthesized globo-series glycans, α6α3DSGb4 shows the highest binding affinity for Siglec-7.